Gravidez e infecção por Coronavírus: desfechos maternos, fetais e neonatais – Revisão sistemática

Palabras clave: Coronavirus, Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo, Recién Nacido

Resumen

Introdução: Pouco se sabe sobre os efeitos da Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave do Coronavírus (SARS-CoV) durante a gravidez. O objetivo desse trabalho foi descrever os desfechos clínicos durante a gestação em mulheres que tiveram SARS-CoV-1 e SARS-CoV-2 e seu impacto na saúde fetal e do recém-nascido. Materiais e Métodos: Revisão sistemática realizada nas fontes de busca Periódicos Capes, Google Acadêmico, Lilacs e PubMed. Resultados: Foram selecionados 27 artigos científicos. A taxa de mortalidade foi maior em grávidas com SARS-CoV-1 do que SARS-CoV-2. Os sintomas mais relatados nas grávidas com o COVID-19 foram febre e tosse. A maioria dos estudos mostraram testagem negativa para SARS-CoV-1 e SARS-CoV-2 nos recém-nascidos de mães infectadas. Ambos os tipos de infecções causaram retardo do crescimento intrauterino e problemas respiratórios em neonatos. Discussão: As infecções por SARS-CoV-1 e SARS-CoV-2 compartilharam características clínicas comuns em gestantes, tais como, febre, tosse seca, dispneia, pneumonia e admissão em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) para ventilação mecânica. Apesar de a literatura apontar a não transmissão vertical do coronavírus, foi encontrado níveis elevados de IgM em amostras de sangue de neonatos de mães que tiveram SARS-CoV-2 durante a gestação. Conclusões: Mais estudos precisam ser realizados para o melhor entendimento dos desfechos clínicos maternos, fetais e neonatais da SARS-CoV-2 durante a gestação, a fim de contribuir para tomada de decisões terapêuticas e de precaução da infecção

Como citar este artigo: Furlan, Mara Cristina Ribeiro; Jurado, Sonia Regina; Uliana, Catchia Hermes; Silva, Maria Eduarda Pascoaloto; Nagata, Letícia Akie; Maia, Anna Clara Freitas. Gravidez e infecção por coronavírus: desfechos maternos, fetais e neonatais – Revisão sistemática. Revista Cuidarte. 2020; 11(2): e1211. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.1211

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Biografía del autor/a

Mara Cristina Ribeiro Furlan, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil.

Sonia Regina Jurado, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul

Possui graduação em Ciências Biológicas pela Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (1995), mestrado em Morfologia pela Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (1998), doutorado em Fisiopatologia em Clínica Médica pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2005) e pós-doutorado em Saúde Pública (2007). Atualmente é tutora do Programa de Educação Tutorial (PET) Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Professora Associada II da UFMS. Possui 20 anos de docência universitária. Tem experiência na área de Medicina, Enfermagem e Biologia, desenvolvendo pesquisas em Saúde Coletiva.

Catchia Hermes Uliana, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil.

Maria Eduarda Pascoaloto Silva , Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil.

Letícia Akie Nagata, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil.

Anna Clara Freitas Maia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil.

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Publicado
2020-05-13
Cómo citar
1.
Furlan MCR, Jurado SR, Uliana CH, Silva MEP, Nagata LA, Maia ACF. Gravidez e infecção por Coronavírus: desfechos maternos, fetais e neonatais – Revisão sistemática. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 13 de mayo de 2020 [citado 24 de septiembre de 2020];11(2). Disponible en: https://revistacuidarte.udes.edu.co/index.php/cuidarte/article/view/1211
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