Soledad en el adulto mayor: implicaciones para el profesional de enfermería

Palabras clave: Adulto Mayor, Soledad, Envejecimiento, Aislamiento Social

Resumen

Introducción: La soledad es una vivencia desfavorable, relacionada con la sensación de tristeza, que afecta la cotidianidad de la persona, el adulto mayor es más propenso a tener sentimientos de soledad debido a la falta de interacción con amigos, la enfermedad, la viudez o el deterioro cognitivo. El objetivo de este estudio fue integrar los hallazgos sobre la soledad en el adulto mayor e identificar los aspectos que influyen en la misma.  Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de alcance integrativo. La búsqueda de información se realizó en 9 bases de datos, durante el periodo 2007 al 2018, se incluyeron en la revisión 36 estudios. Resultados: De acuerdo con la información encontrada emergieron 4 temas: características de la soledad en el adulto mayor, causas de la soledad, consecuencias de la soledad y factores que disminuyen los sentimientos de soledad. Discusión: La literatura indica que la soledad se relaciona principalmente con el aislamiento social, debido a la falta de interacción con otras personas y el desapego familiar lo que genera baja calidad de vida y riesgo de padecer enfermedades crónicas, es por esta situación que los profesionales de la salud deben prestar atención a una valoración holística del adulto mayor. Conclusiones: Los estudios muestran que existen varios aspectos que influyen en el proceso de soledad del adulto mayor, así como las principales acciones que puede realizar el profesional de la salud para intervenir este fenómeno.

Como citar este artículo: Chaparro LD, Carreño SM, Arias-Rojas M. Soledad en el adulto mayor: implicaciones para el profesional de enfermería. Rev Cuid. 2019; 10(2): e633. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v10i2.633

Biografía del autor/a

Mauricio Arias-Rojas, Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad de Enfermería. Medellín, Colombia.
RN, MSc, PhD (c), Profesor asistente, Universidad de Antioquia

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Publicado
2019-05-03
Cómo citar
Chaparro Díaz, L., Carreño Moreno, S., & Arias-Rojas, M. (2019). Soledad en el adulto mayor: implicaciones para el profesional de enfermería. Revista Cuidarte, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v10i2.633
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Artículos de Revisión