Repercussions of spirituality in the lives of women living with HIV

Palabras clave: Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida, Salud de la Mujer, Religión y Medicina, Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual, Adaptación Psicológica

Resumen

Introduction: Spirituality in patients living with HIV helps to cope with the negative thoughts brought about by the illness. The purpose of the study was to understand the impact of spirituality on the lives of women living with HIV. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative research on thematic life histories. The sample composed of seven women diagnosed with HIV/Aids for over a year. For the data collection, a semi-structured interview was used, with questions about the social context, sociodemographic and clinical situation, religion and spirituality. The content analysis technique was used for data analysis. The results were organized into two categories: seeking strength in spirituality and hope for healing. Results: In times of distress imposed by HIV/Aids, all the interviewees sought spirituality through prayer and even by materializing the presence of God as strategies to confront the disease. The yearning for healing by divine revelations is expressed in the interviewees’ speeches. Discussion: According to the interviewees’ life stories, the divine figure strengthened them in the face of challenges posed by HIV/Aids. Conclusions: Through this research, it was possible to verify that spirituality is present in the lives of women who live with HIV, and that it softens the adversities brought on by the disease.

How to cite this article: Santos FDRP, Amaral LROG, Santos MA, Ferreira AGN, Moura JF, Brito LB. Repercussions of spirituality in the lives of women living with HIV. Rev Cuid. 2019; 10(3): e771. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v10i3.711

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Dimitre Rodrigo Pereira Santos, Universidade Estadual do Tocantins-UNITINS, Augustinópolis

Universidade Estadual do Tocantins-UNITINS, Augustinópolis, Tocantins, Brasil. Unidade de Ensino Superior do Sul do Maranhão, Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brasil. 

Leila Rute Oliveira Gurgel do Amaral, Universidade Federal do Tocantins, Palmas, Tocantins

Universidade Federal do Tocantins, Palmas, Tocantins, Brasil.

Marta Azevedo dos Santos, Universidade Federal do Tocantins

Universidade Federal do Tocantins, Palmas, Tocantins, Brasil. 

Adriana Gomes Nogueira Ferreira, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brasil.

Jónata Ferreira de Moura, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brasil. 

Letícia Bezerra Brito, Unidade de Ensino Superior do Sul do Maranhão

Unidade de Ensino Superior do Sul do Maranhão, Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brasil.

Referencias

Sousa JCF, Silva ACO, Leadebal ODCP, Freitas FFQ, Holmes ES, Albuquerque SGE, et al. Quality of life evaluation of elderly people living with HIV/AIDS according to HAT-QoL. Intern. Arch. Med. 2016;9(37):1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1908

Silva J, Saldanha AAW, Azevedo RLW. Variáveis de impacto na qualidade de vida de pessoas acima de 50 anos HIV+. Psicol. Reflex. Crít. 2010;23(1):56-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722010000100008

Reis AL, Xavier AM. Mulher e AIDS. rompendo o silêncio de adesão. Rev. Bras. Enferm. 2003;56(1):28-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71672003000100006

Carvalho CML, Galvão MTG. Enfrentamento da AIDS entre mulheres infectadas em Fortaleza - CE. Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP. 2008;42(1):90-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342008000100012

Galvão MTG, Paiva SS. Vivências para o enfrentamento do HIV entre mulheres infectadas pelo vírus. Rev. Bras. Enferm. 2011;64(6):1022-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71672011000600006

Dalmida SG, Holstad MM, Dilorio C, Laderman G. The meaning and use of spirituality among African American women living with HIV/AIDS. West. J. Nurs. Res. 2012;34(6): 736–65. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193945912443740

Saad M, Masiero D, Bastistella L. Espiritualidade baseada em evidências. Acta. Fisiátr. 2001;8(3)107-12. https://doi.org/10.5935/0104-7795.20010003

Carvalho FT, Morais NA, Koller SH, Piccinini CA. Fatores de proteção relacionados à promoção de resiliência em pessoas que vivem com HIV/AIDS. Cad. Saude Publica. 2007;23(9):2023-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007000900011

Ironson G, Kremer H, Lucette A. Relationship Between Spiritual Coping and Survival in Patients with HIV. J. Gen. Intern. Med. 2016;31(9):1068-76. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-016-3668-4

Metaweh M, Ironson G, Barroso J. The Daily Lives of People With HIV Infection: A Qualitative Study of the Control Group in an Expressive Writing Intervention. J. Assoc. Nurses AIDS Care. 2016;27(5):608-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2016.04.001

Arrey AE, Bilsen J, Lacor P, Deschepper R. Spirituality/Religiosity: A Cultural and Psychological Resource among Sub-Saharan African Migrant Women with HIV/AIDS in Belgium. PLoS One. 2016;11(7):e0159488. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159488

Bardin L. Análise de conteúdo. 1nd ed. São Paulo: Edições 70; 2011.

Andrade GR, Iriart JAB. Estigma e discriminação: experiências de mulheres HIV positivo nos bairros populares de Maputo, Moçambique. Cad. Saude Publica. 2015;31(3): 565-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00019214

Almeida MRCB, Labronici LM. A trajetória silenciosa de pessoas portadoras do HIV contada pela história oral. Cien. Saude Colet. 2007;12(1):263-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232007000100030

Pinho CM, Gomes ET, Trajano MFC, Cavalcanti ATA, Andrade MS, Valença MP. Impaired religiosity and spiritual distress in people living with HIV/AIDS. Rev. Gaucha Enferm. 2017; 38(2):e67712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2017.02.67712

Medved KH. Are religion and spirituality barriers or facilitators to treatment for HIV: a systematic review of the literature. AIDS Care. 2017;29(1):1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1201196

Andrade HAS, Silva SK, Santos MIPO. AIDS em idosos: vivências dos doentes. Rev. Esc. Anna Nery. 2010;14(4):712-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-81452010000400009

Pecoraro A, Pacciolla A, O'Cleirigh C, Mimiaga M, Kwiatek P, Blokhina E, et al. Proactive coping and spirituality among patients who left or remained in antiretroviral treatment in St Petersburg, Russian Federation. AIDS Care. 2016;28(3):334-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2015.1096895

Pinho CM, Dâmaso BFR, Gomes ET, Trajano MFC, Andrade MS, Valença MP. Religious and spiritual coping in people living with HIV/Aids. Rev. Bras. Enferm. 2017; 70(2):392-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2015-0170

Grodensky CA, Golin CE, Jones C, Mamo M, Dennis AC, Abernethy MG, et al. "I should know better": the roles of relationships, spirituality, disclosure, stigma, and shame for older women living with HIV seeking support in the South. J. Assoc. Nurses AIDS Care. 2015;26(1):12-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2014.01.005

Oji VU, Hung LC, Abbasgholizadeh R, Terrell Hamilton F, Essien EJ, Nwulia E. Spiritual care may impact mental health and medication adherence in HIV+ populations. HIV/AIDS: Rese. Palliat. Care. 2017;9:101-9. https://doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S126309

Pierre S, Riviera V, Jean CP, Louis MJ, Reif LK, Severe P, et al. Live with the disease like you used to before you knew you were infected: A qualitative study among 10-Year Survivors Living with HIV in Haiti. AIDS Patient. Care STDs. 2017;31(3):145-51. https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0192

Silva LMS, Moura MAV, Pereira MLD. Cotidiano de mulheres após contágio pelo HIV/AIDS: subsídios norteadores da assistência de enfermagem. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2013;22(2):335-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-07072013000200009

Steglitz J, Ng R, Mosha JS, Kershaw T. Divinity and distress: the impact of religion and spirituality on the mental health of HIV-positive adults in Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2012;16(8):2392-8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0261-7

Szaflarski H. Spirituality and religion among HIV-infected individuals. Curr. HIV/AIDS Rep. 2013;10(4):324-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-013-0175-7

Prado G, Feaster DJ, Schwartz SJ, Pratt IA, Smith L, Szapocznik J. Religious involvement, coping, social support, and psychological distress in HIV-seropositive African American mothers. AIDS Behav. 2004;8(3):221-35. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AIBE.0000044071.27130.46

Publicado
2019-09-13
Cómo citar
1.
Pereira Santos FDR, Oliveira Gurgel do Amaral LR, Azevedo dos Santos M, Gomes Nogueira Ferreira A, Ferreira de Moura J, Bezerra Brito L. Repercussions of spirituality in the lives of women living with HIV. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 13 de septiembre de 2019 [citado 17 de noviembre de 2019];10(3). Disponible en: https://revistacuidarte.udes.edu.co/index.php/cuidarte/article/view/711
Sección
Artículos de Investigación